Four Chapters of Patanjali Yoga Sutra – Introduction


Introduction of patanjali yoga sutra – four Chapters (195 sutras)

1.Samadhipad –

In patanjali yoga sutra Describing the signs, nature and measures of Yoga in the first phase, the five distinctions of the mind and the characteristics of the mind are described. There the contractor has considered sleeping under instinct. (Yogasutra 1/10) and while showing signs of anomalous instincts, he has been misinformed. So it is generally understood that in the name of ‘Avidya’ in the second foot, the principal affliction has been described. (Yoga Sutras 2/4), He, and the anatomy of Chitta, are both the same. But seriously considering this thing is not right. The name of the reason of Asmita Kishash, one of the seer and philosophy, is ‘Avidya’.patanjali yoga sutra

Principle  Yoga has been considered as three distinctions – one option is second nirvikalpa, In this foot, the measure of the Nirbija Samadhi is explained by reverence (Yogasutra 1/18) to the chief, after which the second simple remedy has been revealed to the surrender of God. (Yogasutra 2/23), it is very useful for devotees who believe.

Of the above three distinctions, there are two distinctions of Sampragyat Yoga: those of which are the alternate yoga, it is a rest, there is no discrimination knowledge in it. The second, which is nirvikalpa yoga, also called nirvichar samadhi, when it becomes clear. (1/47) At that time the knowledge of wisdom is revealed in it. That vivek knowledge goes to man’s fame. (Yogasutra 2/28, 3/35) That is the purpose of Pariviragya. (Yogasutra 1/16) With the knowledge of nature and the real nature of man, there is a great lack of attachment in all the qualities of the seeker and in their actions. Then there is no instinct in Chitta, this is the nirbija samadhi form of all obstinacy detention. (1/51) This is also called uncommon and religious mausoleum (Yogasutra 4/29). Its detailed explanation has been made. Nirbieej Samadhi is the ultimate goal of Yoga. From this, the nature of the soul is the prestige, or rather the kaivalya status occurs. (Yoga Sutras 4/34).

The topics and formulas mentioned in the samadhipad are as follows –

Prosperity of the beginning of the treatise, the symptom of yoga and the need for its rendering 1- 4

Five variations of the mind attitude and its symptoms         5- 11

Practice and rectitude (Abhyas aur vairagya)                      12-16

Samadhi                                                                               17-22

Statement of God and its Fruit                                            23-29

Describe various measures for the destruction of the mind, its destruction and the state of mind        30-40

Descriptive differences with the fruits of samadhi,             41-51

2.Saadhanapad –

in this second phase Five troubles have been described as the cause of all grief, because whatever they do in their lives, they are assembled in the form of conscience.  The community name of those rituals is the only thing. As long as the ghosts suffer because of this action, the organism has to bear birth and death many times in many types of vagina to bear their fruits, and to suffer sin, it also has to bear the torture of the worst hell. The virtuous deeds that get the content of happiness and enjoyment towards the good vagina, it is also sad to have the sense of discrimination. (Yogasutra 2/15) Therefore, it is necessary to destroy all the suffering from the original due to lack of total suffering. The measure of their destruction in this foothaven is that the rituals of Yoga related rituals have been given in Yoga Sutras 2/28, in order to attain the unmatched and unbiased sense of wisdom, Yoga Sutra 2/26 and the attainment of that discrimination knowledge.

The topics and formulas mentioned in the saadhanpad are as follows –

  • Formation and Fruit Formation of   Kriya Yoga sutra no. 1- 2
  • The Five False Illustrations    3-9
  • Remedy of the destruction of the problems and the need for rendering       10-17
  • Explanation of the nature of vision and vision and the significance of the scene       18-22
  • Formation of Nature-man’s unconventional coincidence and depicting the unimaginable discretion of its destruction     23-27
  • The need for the ritual of Ashtanga Yoga for attaining knowledge of discrimination, the names of the eight limbs, and the five outlines of them, and the descriptions of their different inferior fruits,  28-55

3.Vibhutipaad –

 In this third edition, assumption, meditation and meditation – by calling the collective name of all these three as ‘Samyama’, different goal objectives have given different fruits of abstinence. The importance of yoga to them is also called Siddhi and Vibhuti. In this footstep 3/37, 3/50, 3/51 and 4/29, they are described as obstacles in the trance. Therefore, without forgetting the seeker, one should not fall in the temptation of the Siddhis.

 The topics and formulas mentioned in the Vibhutipadha are as follows –

  • Perception, meditation and samadhi manifesting the form of these three bodies-  sutras no. 1-3
  • Formulation of Externally Moderate Samadhi of Niribaj Samadhi 4-8
  • subjects of the results of Chitta                      9-12
  • Formation of the result of all material generated by nature  13-15
  • Description of different abstinences with fruit 16-48
  • Formation of Vivek jyana and its Ultimate Consequences Kaivalya 49-55


This fourth chapter has been rendered in the shape of a worthy mind to get the condition of the curvature. (Yoga sutra 4/26) In the end, by describing Dharmmaghur samadhi (Y.S 4/29) its fruit loss and the lack of action (Y.S./4/30) and the end of the sequence of results. That is the absence of rebirth. (Y.S 4/32) And because of fulfilling his duty by giving salvation to a man, getting rid of the work of virtues in his cause i.e. the separation from the person, ie the cavity status of the qualities and apart from those qualities, It has been concluded that only the Kaivalya status has been abolished (Y.S. 4/34).

The topics and Sutras mentioned in Kavalyapadha are as follows –

  • Topic of five reasons for achieving accomplishments and the result of extreme results –  sutras no.  1-5
  • The Renaissance of meditative results rendering the emptiness of emptiness and the glory of the deeds of the yogi      6-7
  • The description of the type of action received by ordinary men is    8-11
  • Tactical rendering of its theory          12-24
  • The theme of Vivek Knowledge and the formation of Dharmmaghur Samadhi and Kaivalya Stage  25-34

According to Maharishi Patanjali, the legal effort to achieve perfection through the control of different elements of human nature (physical and spiritual) is Yoga. The physical body, the active desire the power to understand and understand. It is necessary to bring the mind that keeps the power inside control. Patanjali has stressed on some of the practices which can lead to physical deformities and the dirtiness of the body can be overcome. When these exercises get us more power, long term youth, physical fitness and long life, then it is appropriate to use them for spiritual development. It will be able to achieve the ultimate goal of liberation or liberation of human life. Other methods for the pure, peaceful and concentration of the mind are also used. Patanjali’s main goal is not to interpret the metaphysical principle, but to functionally it is to indicate how salvation can be achieved through a spontaneous life

Yogic Management of
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ObesityObesity is the most common nutritional or the metabolic disorder. obesity is a condition in which excess body fat accumulates to such an extent that health may be negatively affected .obesity is commonly Defined by body mass index BMI. body mass index is a measurement criteria which compares weight and height of the person to categorise him or her as overweight Pre obase or obese. obesity in absolute terms is an increase of body adipose tissue tissue mass. obesity is considered as chronic( long term )disease, like high blood pressure or Diabetes.Surya Namaskara (Sun Salutation ), Pawan Muktasana Part-1, Pawan Muktasana Part-2, Pawan Muktasana Part-3, Tadasana, Kati chakarasana, Urdva hastotanasana, Pawan Muktasana, vjrasana, Ushtraasana, Bhjangashana, Sarvangasana, Halasana, Dhanurasana, Matsyasana, Matsyendrasana, Manduka AsanaNadishodhan, Suryabhedi, Bhrastrika, Bhramari, ShitaliJal Neti, Sutra Neti, Vastra Dhauti, Dand Dhauti, Kapal Bhati, Kunjal, Nauli, Vasti, Laghu Sankh Prakshalan, Vyutkarama KapalBhatiJyana Mudra, Apan Mudra, Tadagi MudraJalandhar Bhanda, Uddiyan Banda, Agani saar KriyaYoga Nidra, ShavasanaBreath Awareness, Om MeditationDietHereditaryMetabolismSedentary lifestylePsychological factorsBreathing disorder ,high cholesterol level, coronary artery disease ,high BP
Low back painMost people may experience low back pain at certain stages of their life span .it is characterized by pain ,stiffness and tension in the back .this pain can vary from Mile To severe.depending on duration, it can be short -lived a long- lasting. the lower back pain is the most common cause of job related disability and a leading contributor to missed work.There are two main types of low back pain.1. chronic low back pain :it is major cause of social and financial concerns as it is associated with impaired quality of life, loss of productivity and large Health Care expenses .2.acute or short term low back pain:it generally last from few days to few weeks .most acute back pain is mechanical in nature ,as a result of trauma to the lower back or due to disorders such as arthritis.Pawan Muktasana Part-1, Tadasana, Kati chakarasana, Urdva hastotanasana, Pawan Muktasana, Ushtraasana, Vkrasana, Bhjangashana, Marjari Asana, Mkarasana, Shalabh asana, Matsyasana, UdarakarshanNadishodhan, Suryabhedi, BhramariJal Neti, Sutra Neti, Tratak, Laghu Sankh PrakshalanJyana Mudra, Prana MudraYoga Nidra, ShavasanaBreath Awareness, Om MeditationPulling heavy weight incorrectly.Sitting in wrong posture in chair for long period.Twisting or overstretching of back.Overuse of the muscles usually due to support or repetative movements.Age ,heridity, constipation ,alcohol, stress and depression .these are the common causes of low back pain.Tension ,soreness and stiffness in lower back reason.Pain in the joints including the back, when walking and stiffness first thing in the morning or symptoms of arthritis.Neck pain and stiffness.Headache and muscle weakness.Problem in walking and sitting.
Yogic management of hypertensionHypertension also referred to as high blood pressure ,is a condition in which the arteries have continuous elevated blood pressure. blood pressure is the force of blood exerted against the blood vessel walls. every time the human heart beats, it pumps blood to the whole body through the arteries. the normal level for blood pressure is below 120 / 80 mmhg where 120 represent the systolic measurement (peak pressure in the arteries) and 80 represent the diastolic measurement (minimum pressure in the arteries) .blood pressure of 140 / 90 mmhg or above is considered hypertension.Hypertension may be classified as primary or secondary. 1.primary hypertension is the term for high blood pressure with unknown cause .it accounts for about 95% of cases .2.secondary hypertension is the term for high blood pressure with a known direct cause, such as Kidney Disease ,tumors or birth control pills .different types of hypertension are: primary hypertension (high blood pressure in the absence of any underlying disease)- benign hypertension, malignant hypertension .2 .secondary hypertension (elevated blood pressure due to some underlying disease )-cardiovascular hypertension, endocrine hypertension ,renal hypertension ,neurogenic hypertension and pregnancy induced hypertension.Tadasana, Kati chakarasana, Urdva hastotanasana, Pawan Muktasana, vjrasana, Ushtraasana, Gomukhasana, Shashank Asana, Vkrasana, Bhjangashana, MkarasanaNadishodhan, Chandra bhedi, Bhramari, Shitali, Shitkari, UjjayayiJal Neti, Sutra NetiJyana Mudra, Apan MudraMula BandhaYoga Nidra, Shavasana, AntarmaunBreath Awareness, Om Meditation, Soham MeditationIn over 90% of cases, the cause of high blood pressure is a unknown but several factors can increase the risk of developing the condition.Age andfamily history.Obesity also cause of the hypertension and the excess intake of salt ,because salt contains sodium which retains the fluid in the body that raises the blood pressure.Diet and physical inactivity .Alcohol consumption ,smoking and mental stress.Persistence headache.Blurred or double vision.Nose Bleeds.Shortness of breath.Loss of appetite.
Management of constipation.Constipation is a very common chronic disorder of the lower digestive system in which the elimination of solid wastes from the body becomes slow and inefficient. as a result their is a build -up of digestive and metabolic wastes in the large intestine ,which becomes flaccid as it loses its muscular tone.There are two types of constipation. primary constipation and secondary constipation. primary constipation have three parts slow transit constipation, pelvic floor dysfunction, normal transit constipation. Secondary constipation is the cause of metabolic dysfunction like Hypothyroidism and neurologic problem like Parkinson's disease and spinal cord injuriesSurya Namaskara (Sun Salutation ), Pawan Muktasana Part-2, Tadasana, Kati chakarasana, Urdva hastotanasana, Pawan Muktasana, vjrasana, Ushtraasana, Gomukhasana, Shashank Asana, Vkrasana, Bhjangashana, Shashank Bhujangasana, Marjari Asana, Mkarasana, Dhanurasana, Shalabh asana, Matsyasana, Bakasana, Matsyendrasana, Manduka Asana, Trikon Asana, Vrikshasna, Garudasana, Padmasana, Dandasana, UdarakarshanNadishodhan, Suryabhedi, Bhrastrika, BhramariVastra Dhauti, Dand Dhauti, Kunjal, Nauli, Vasti, Laghu Sankh PrakshalanJyana Mudra, Apan Mudra, Tadagi MudraJalandhar Bhanda, Uddiyan Banda, Mula Bandha, Agani saar KriyaYoga Nidra, Shavasana, AntarmaunOm MeditationSedentary Lifestyle.Lack of proper exercise.Poor dietary habits.Wrong toilet position.Mental stress and alcohol consumption ,oily and spicy food.Passing fever 3 stools a week.Feeling blocked rectum during the bowel movement.Straining to have bowel movement.Having lumpy or hard stool.Feeling tough to completely empty the stool from rectum.
Yogic management of arthritisArthritis is inflammation of the Synovial joints of the body and is one of the most common of all disabling diseases . The condition is characterized by pain, swelling ,redness ,heat and loss of function in one or more joints. those most often affected are the large weight bearing joints (hips ,knees and ankles) and small joints responsible for repeated ,finally articulated movement such as the fingers.1.Acute Arthritis,2. gout ,3.rheumatoid arthritis ,4.osteoarthritis.Surya Namaskara (Sun Salutation ), Pawan Muktasana Part-1, Tadasana, Kati chakarasana, Urdva hastotanasana, Pawan Muktasana, vjrasana, Shashank Asana, Shashank Bhujangasana, Marjari AsanaNadishodhan, Bhrastrika, BhramariJal Neti, Sutra Neti, Kunjal, Laghu Sankh PrakshalanYoga Nidra, Shavasana, AntarmaunBreath Awareness, Om Meditation, Soham Meditationlack of proper Diet.Lack of exercise.Mental factors.Constipation.Obesity and alcohol consumption.Redness heating swelling and pain in joints.Loss of function.Problem to sitting and working.Too much swelling on weight-bearing joints like hips ,knees and ankles.
Yogic management of kidney stones.Kidney stones occur to metabolic and dietary imbalance in the body and reflect disturbance of the body's fluid and acid balance.There are three most common forms of kidney stones.1. oxalate stones,2. calcium or phosphate stones ,3. uric acid and urate stones.Surya Namaskara (Sun Salutation ), Pawan Muktasana Part-1, Tadasana, Kati chakarasana, Urdva hastotanasana, Pawan Muktasana, vjrasana, Ushtraasana, Shashank Asana, Bhjangashana, Shashank Bhujangasana, Marjari Asana, Halasana, Shalabh asana, Matsyendrasana, Trikon Asana, DandasanaNadishodhan, Bhrastrika, BhramariNauli, Laghu Sankh PrakshalanUddiyan Banda, Mula Bandha, Agani saar KriyaYoga Nidra, ShavasanaBreath Awareness, Om Meditation, Soham MeditationExcessive salt or reduce water intake.Unsuitable diet containing excessive meat ,protein ,acid forming foods , milk and Milk products.Infective or ulcerative bladder.Urinary tract infection.Lever dysfunctioning.Pain in back ,belly and side.Pain and burning during urination.Nausea and vomiting.Blood in urine and smelly urine.Fever and chills.

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