Four Chapters of Patanjali Yoga Sutra – Introduction
Introduction of patanjali yoga sutra – four Chapters (195 sutras)
In patanjali yoga sutra Describing the signs, nature and measures of Yoga in the first phase, the five distinctions of the mind and the characteristics of the mind are described. There the contractor has considered sleeping under instinct. (Yogasutra 1/10) and while showing signs of anomalous instincts, he has been misinformed. So it is generally understood that in the name of ‘Avidya’ in the second foot, the principal affliction has been described. (Yoga Sutras 2/4), He, and the anatomy of Chitta, are both the same. But seriously considering this thing is not right. The name of the reason of Asmita Kishash, one of the seer and philosophy, is ‘Avidya’.
Principle Yoga has been considered as three distinctions – one option is second nirvikalpa, In this foot, the measure of the Nirbija Samadhi is explained by reverence (Yogasutra 1/18) to the chief, after which the second simple remedy has been revealed to the surrender of God. (Yogasutra 2/23), it is very useful for devotees who believe.
Of the above three distinctions, there are two distinctions of Sampragyat Yoga: those of which are the alternate yoga, it is a rest, there is no discrimination knowledge in it. The second, which is nirvikalpa yoga, also called nirvichar samadhi, when it becomes clear. (1/47) At that time the knowledge of wisdom is revealed in it. That vivek knowledge goes to man’s fame. (Yogasutra 2/28, 3/35) That is the purpose of Pariviragya. (Yogasutra 1/16) With the knowledge of nature and the real nature of man, there is a great lack of attachment in all the qualities of the seeker and in their actions. Then there is no instinct in Chitta, this is the nirbija samadhi form of all obstinacy detention. (1/51) This is also called uncommon and religious mausoleum (Yogasutra 4/29). Its detailed explanation has been made. Nirbieej Samadhi is the ultimate goal of Yoga. From this, the nature of the soul is the prestige, or rather the kaivalya status occurs. (Yoga Sutras 4/34).
The topics and formulas mentioned in the samadhipad are as follows –
Prosperity of the beginning of the treatise, the symptom of yoga and the need for its rendering 1- 4
Five variations of the mind attitude and its symptoms 5- 11
Practice and rectitude (Abhyas aur vairagya) 12-16
Statement of God and its Fruit 23-29
Describe various measures for the destruction of the mind, its destruction and the state of mind 30-40
Descriptive differences with the fruits of samadhi, 41-51
in this second phase Five troubles have been described as the cause of all grief, because whatever they do in their lives, they are assembled in the form of conscience. The community name of those rituals is the only thing. As long as the ghosts suffer because of this action, the organism has to bear birth and death many times in many types of vagina to bear their fruits, and to suffer sin, it also has to bear the torture of the worst hell. The virtuous deeds that get the content of happiness and enjoyment towards the good vagina, it is also sad to have the sense of discrimination. (Yogasutra 2/15) Therefore, it is necessary to destroy all the suffering from the original due to lack of total suffering. The measure of their destruction in this foothaven is that the rituals of Yoga related rituals have been given in Yoga Sutras 2/28, in order to attain the unmatched and unbiased sense of wisdom, Yoga Sutra 2/26 and the attainment of that discrimination knowledge.
The topics and formulas mentioned in the saadhanpad are as follows –
- Formation and Fruit Formation of Kriya Yoga sutra no. 1- 2
- The Five False Illustrations 3-9
- Remedy of the destruction of the problems and the need for rendering 10-17
- Explanation of the nature of vision and vision and the significance of the scene 18-22
- Formation of Nature-man’s unconventional coincidence and depicting the unimaginable discretion of its destruction 23-27
- The need for the ritual of Ashtanga Yoga for attaining knowledge of discrimination, the names of the eight limbs, and the five outlines of them, and the descriptions of their different inferior fruits, 28-55
In this third edition, assumption, meditation and meditation – by calling the collective name of all these three as ‘Samyama’, different goal objectives have given different fruits of abstinence. The importance of yoga to them is also called Siddhi and Vibhuti. In this footstep 3/37, 3/50, 3/51 and 4/29, they are described as obstacles in the trance. Therefore, without forgetting the seeker, one should not fall in the temptation of the Siddhis.
The topics and formulas mentioned in the Vibhutipadha are as follows –
- Perception, meditation and samadhi manifesting the form of these three bodies- sutras no. 1-3
- Formulation of Externally Moderate Samadhi of Niribaj Samadhi 4-8
- subjects of the results of Chitta 9-12
- Formation of the result of all material generated by nature 13-15
- Description of different abstinences with fruit 16-48
- Formation of Vivek jyana and its Ultimate Consequences Kaivalya 49-55
This fourth chapter has been rendered in the shape of a worthy mind to get the condition of the curvature. (Yoga sutra 4/26) In the end, by describing Dharmmaghur samadhi (Y.S 4/29) its fruit loss and the lack of action (Y.S./4/30) and the end of the sequence of results. That is the absence of rebirth. (Y.S 4/32) And because of fulfilling his duty by giving salvation to a man, getting rid of the work of virtues in his cause i.e. the separation from the person, ie the cavity status of the qualities and apart from those qualities, It has been concluded that only the Kaivalya status has been abolished (Y.S. 4/34).
The topics and Sutras mentioned in Kavalyapadha are as follows –
- Topic of five reasons for achieving accomplishments and the result of extreme results – sutras no. 1-5
- The Renaissance of meditative results rendering the emptiness of emptiness and the glory of the deeds of the yogi 6-7
- The description of the type of action received by ordinary men is 8-11
- Tactical rendering of its theory 12-24
- The theme of Vivek Knowledge and the formation of Dharmmaghur Samadhi and Kaivalya Stage 25-34
According to Maharishi Patanjali, the legal effort to achieve perfection through the control of different elements of human nature (physical and spiritual) is Yoga. The physical body, the active desire the power to understand and understand. It is necessary to bring the mind that keeps the power inside control. Patanjali has stressed on some of the practices which can lead to physical deformities and the dirtiness of the body can be overcome. When these exercises get us more power, long term youth, physical fitness and long life, then it is appropriate to use them for spiritual development. It will be able to achieve the ultimate goal of liberation or liberation of human life. Other methods for the pure, peaceful and concentration of the mind are also used. Patanjali’s main goal is not to interpret the metaphysical principle, but to functionally it is to indicate how salvation can be achieved through a spontaneous life.